Food Security

The World Food Summit of 1996 defined food security as existing “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life”. Commonly, the concept of food security is defined as including both physical and economic access to food that meets people’s dietary needs as well as their food preferences. The impact of the food environment on nutrition, health, and the quality of life occur within the context of the following:  1) an increasingly concentrated system of food production and distribution, 2) racial segregation, 3) economic inequalities, 4) increased fast-food consumption, 5) health disparities, and 6) environmental injustice. Many low-income neighborhoods and communities of color have been systematically deprived of access to healthy and sustainable food. Low-income communities have been deprived of producing their own food and often live in food deserts where fast food is the king and fresh food is nonexistent.

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